Single fiber pull-out test of nitinol-silicon-textile composite

Lukas Horny, Jan Vesely, Hynek Chlup, Katerina Janouchova, Monika Vysanska


This is preliminary report describing results of the single fiber pull-out tests conducted with newly developed composite material based on integration of NiTi filaments into the silicon-polyester matrix. Nominal shear stress at debonding, debonding force, and spring constant characterizing fiber-matrix interface prior to a failure of the adhesion, were derived from experiments. It was concluded that current data does not support a hypothesis of rate-dependent adhesion limit and mechanical response before the debonding.


pull-out; NiTi; friction; uniaxial tesnile test; debonding; interface; shear stress

Full Text:



J.D. Hartl, D.C. Lagoudas, “Aerospace applications of shape memory alloys,” Proc. Indy. Mech. Eng Part G – J. Aerosp. Eng., vol. 221, no. 4, pp. 535–552, 2007.

J.J. Epps, I. Chopra, “In-flight tracking of helicopter rotor blades using shape memory alloy actuators,” Smart. Mater. Struct., vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 104–111, 2001.

G. Song, Y.L. Mo, K. Otero, H. Gu, “Health monitoring and rehabilitation of a concrete structure using intelligent materials,” Smart. Mater. Struct., vol. 15, no. 2, pp. 309–314, 2006.

J. Tani, T. Takagi, J. Qiu, “Intelligent material systems: Application of functional materials,” Appl. Mech. Rev., vol. 51, no. 8, pp. 501–521, 1998.

S. Shabalovskaya, J. Anderegg, J. Van Humbeeck, “Critical overview of nitinol surfaces and their modifications for medical applications,” Acta. Biomater., 2008;4(3):447–67.

D. Stoeckel, “Nitinol medical devices and implants,” Min. Invasive Ther. Allied Technol., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 81–88, 2000.

C.D.J. Barras, K.A. Myers, “Nitinol - its use in vascular surgery and other applications,” Eur. J. Vasc. Endovasc. Surg., vol. 19, no. 6, pp. 564–569, 2000.

D. Stoeckel, A. Pelton, T. Duerig, “Self-expanding nitinol stents: Material and design considerations,” Eur. Radiol., vol. 14, no. 2, pp. 292–301, 2004.

J.G. Boyd, D.C. Lagoudas, “A thermodynamical constitutive model for shape memory materials: part I. the monolithic shape memory alloy,” Int. J. Plast., vol. 12, no. 6, pp. 805–842, 1996.

J.G. Boyd, D.C. Lagoudas, “A thermodynamical constitutive model for shape memory materials: part II. the monolithic shape memory alloy,” Int. J. Plast., vol. 12, no. 7, pp. 843–873, 1996.

L. Heller, A. Kujawa, P. Šittner, M. Landa, P. Sedlák, J. Pilch, “Quasistatic and dynamic functional properties of thin superelastic NiTi wires,” Eur. Phys. J.-Spec. Top., vol. 158, no. 1, pp. 7–14, 2008.

S. John, M. Hariri, “Effect of shape memory alloy actuation on the dynamic response of polymeric composite plates,” Composites Part A: Appl. Sci. Manufact., vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 769–776, 2008.

F.C. Antico, P.D. Zavattieri, L.G. Hector Jr., A. Mance, W.R. Rodgers, D.A. Okonski, “Adhesion of nickeltitanium shape memory alloy wires to thermoplastic materials: Theory and experiments,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 21, no. 3, art. no. 035022, 2012.

C.L. Moore, H.A. Bruck, “A fundamental investigation into large strain recovery of one-way shape memory alloy wires embedded in flexible polyurethanes,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 11, no. 1, pp. 130–139, 2002.

Y.J. Zheng, L.S. Cui, J. Schrooten, “Basic design guidelines for SMA/epoxy smart composites,” Mater Sci Eng A, vol. 390, no. 1-2, pp. 139–143, 2005.

L. Heller, D. Vokoun, P. Šittner, H. Finckh, “3D flexible NiTi-braided elastomer composites for smart structure application,” Smart Mater Struct, vol. 21, no. 4, art. no. 045016, 2012.

S.K. Sadrnezhaad, N.H. Nemati, R. Bagheri, R., “Improved adhesion of NiTi wire to silicone matrix for smart composite medical applications,” Mater. Design, vol. 30, no. 9, pp. 3667–3672, 2009.

N.A. Smith, G.G. Antoun, A.B. Ellis, W.C. Crone, “Improved adhesion between nickel-titanium shape memory alloy and a polymer matrix via silane coupling agents,” Composites A Appl. Sci. Manufac., vol. 35, no. 11, pp. 1307–1312, 2004.

R. Barrett, R.S. Gross, “Super-active shape-memory alloy composites,” Smart Mater. Struct., vol. 5, no. 3, pp. 255–260, 1996.

K. Janouchova, L. Heller, M. Vysanska, “Functional warp-knitted fabrics with integrated superelastic NiTi filaments,” Autex Res. J., vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 34–39, 2012.

E. Gultová, L. Horný, H. Chlup, R. Žitný, “Mechanical properties of the NiTitex composite,” In: Proceedings of the 50th Annual Conference on Experimental Stress Analysis. Prgue: Czech Technical University in Prague, 2012, p. 115–120.

E. Pisanova, S. Zhandarov, E. Mäder, “How can adhesion be determined from micromechanical tests?” Composites A Appl. Sci. Manufact., vol. 32, no. 3-4, pp. 425–434, 2001.

S. Zhandarov, E. Mäder, “Characterization of fiber/matrix interface strength: Applicability of different tests, approaches and parameters,” Composit. Sci. Technol., vol. 65, no. 1, pp. 149–160, 2005.

Q. Yang, Q. Qin, X. Peng, “Size effects in the fiber pullout test,” Composite Struct., vol. 61, no. 3, pp. 193–198, 2003.


  • There are currently no refbacks.


ISSN 1801-1217 (Print)
ISSN 1805-9422 (Online)
Published by the Czech Technical University in Prague, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering